Alpha Thalassemia Thalassemias Thalassemias are a band of bloodstream disorders that affect what sort of body makes hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that bears oxygen throughout the physical body methane d olimp . It’s made up of alpha globin and beta globin. The physical body contains more red blood cells than any other kind of cell, and each has a full life span of about 4 months. Each day, your body produces new reddish blood cells to displace the ones that die or are lost from the body.